Health Indicators USA Essay Examples & Outline
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Health Indicators USA
United States is located in the continent of North America. The country has an approximate population of 318 million people. The health indicators for the country entail life expectancy, the probability of children dying at the under the age of five and that from 15-60 years per 1000. The total amount of money country spends on health per capita, and the expenditure on health as a percentage of the GDP are examined (WHO, 2013). The country records a life expectancy of 76 years for the males and 81 for females. Ladies within the age set of 15-60 records the lowest death rate of 77 out of 1000 while males the highest of 130.
The country spends a total of 17.9 percent of its GDP on health with the expenditure per capita translating to 8608 million dollars (Mathers, 1999). It has the lowest child mortality of children under the age of five being seven out of 1000 people. In contrast, Dominican Republic has a population of 10.277 million people. A thorough examination of the health indicators shows that the life expectancy for male is 76 years while that of females is 78 years. The child mortality records 27 out of 1000 live births when the children attain the age of five years.
The probability of male dying when they attain the age of between 15-60 years is 137 while for female is 93(WHO, 2013). In comparison to the U.S, the country spends 529 million dollars as the total expenditure per capita on health. Dominican Republic has a lower percentage expenditure on health recording 5.4%. U.S uses approximately 17.9 percent of its GDP on the health while Dominican Republic spends 5.4 percent. The American figure represents 3 times that of Dominican Republic.
The demographics of the United States is very high comparing to that of Dominican Republic thus, the country has to spend more of its GDP in health. Perhaps because of better health facilities and other factors, U.S has a lower child mortality rate of 7 in comparison to that of Dominican Republic that record 27 out of 1000 babies (WHO, 2013). The life expectancy for the both countries stand almost at the same point with that of the U.S for males being 76 and that of females being 81.
The Dominican Republic expectancy are 76 and 78 m/f respectively. The average life expectancy for the United States is 78.5 while that for Dominican Republic standing at 77. This is quite shocking given the difference in spending of the two countries yet having almost equal life expectancy levels. Other health indicators indeed differ between the two with a large margin, but life expectancy being approximately equal (Mathers, 1999).
In comparison to the past, great strides have been made in the area of health indicators. There has been a decrease in life expectancy at birth (Mather, 2001). The life expectancy decrease could be attributed to an increase in the death rate arising from coronary heart disease and stroke. Richmond, CA still faces challenges in public health with significant high percentage of health disparities. Life expectancy at Richmond could be on the decline because of increased cases of obesity (McCoy, 2006). Obesity as a risk factor contributes to health related problem such as Coronary Heart disease and diabetes. These are some of the chronic illness that contribute to a reduction in the life expectancy.
Furthermore, life expectancy has been reduced as a result of increased asthma hospitalization especially among the youths (Corburn, 2013). Richmond community among others shows stagnating life expectancy while the overall longevity of the national expectancy level has been increasing upward. There is a high probability that girls born may live shorter lives in comparison to their mothers. Life expectancy at Richmond is 12 years less with the mean having 66.9 years a figure that record the lowest life expectancies when comparing to other cities within the U.S. Although a significant increase in life expectancies from the lowest of 61.7 years on average. The average life expectancy at the national level stands at 78.9.
The rising levels of obesity and smoking are prime reasons behind the decrease in life expectancies. Other potential reasons include the increase in the cases of chronic illnesses affecting the community. The morbidity at mortality rate of the Richmond Community is high due to a reduction in the life expectancies among the populations. Child mortality also stands at its highest recording a shocking value of 10 in 1000 live births while the natural level remaining at 7. This indicates an increment of three more child deaths in Richmond (Corburn, 2013).
There are associated risk factors that lead to diseases that contribute to increasing mortality and morbidity rates. People have contracted chronic illnesses that do no good other than decreasing their life expectancy level. Health disparities are still common in the Community with people in the neighborhood having little money to spend in acquisition of necessary medical attention. Most are incapable of raising the money required for procedures such as kidney dialysis. The patients and their families opt for home care that is insufficient in the management of the diseases (Corburn, 2013).
Corburn, J. (2013). Healthy city planning: From neighbourhood to national health equity. New York: Routledge
Mathers, C.D. (1999, May-June). Gains in health expectancy from the elimination of diseases among older people. Disability And Rehabilitation, 21(5-6), 211–221. PMID: 10381233.
Mathers, C.D. (2001, May 26). Healthy life expectancy in 191 countries, 1999. Lancet, 357(9269), 1685–1691. PMID: 11425392.
McCoy, D.C. (2006, April). Translating words into actions: Are governments acting on the advice of the World Health Report? Bulletin of The World Health Organization, 84(4), 327–331. PMID: 16628307.
WHO (2013, March 29). WHO | Countries.