Cyber Security Essay Examples & Outline
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Cyber security refers to security measures to information contained in varied media channels and devices, both in public and private networks and to the internet as a whole; in that it encompasses all mechanisms used to protect computer-based information and services from unauthorized access and manipulation. By the virtue of the internet having extensive access to mankind, it is hence clear that monopoly of entities on the basis of information is very minimal. The content inherent and the respective usage of internet are extremely high necessitating controls and supervision.
The cyberspace is composed of a range of challenges and imminent dangers i.e. cybercrimes such as fraud, theft etc. hence calling upon users of the internet to have precautionary mind set. The challenges impact on both individuals and the state as well in that the information is relevant to enhance both current and future operations With increasing robustness in information technology , electronic gadgets such as phones and computers are of vital role in running the economy. These same gadgets are used to perpetuate cybercrime and as well to facilitate in combating this economy disaster.
Cyber security encompasses handling threats by people with malicious intent such as spyware and malware. These threats are capable of interfering the smooth functioning of systems and operations (Norwood & Catwell, 2009). Viruses for example are malwares that enable hacker’s access entities’ private information stored in the infected media devices, which they later on use for self-interests (Norwood & Catwell, 2009). Threats also include Trojan horse which appears to be a normal program but conducts illegal commands once executed, A worm (Write Once Read Many) which is a replicating program and DOS(Denial of Service) attack that slows or terminates a program completely .
With this prevailing cyber security issues, it is thus necessary for entities to in house best cyber security systems to curtail their extreme adversities. These measures are two fold and involve both use of software and hardware to improve resilience to cybercrime i.e. By sophisticating the information infrastructure to be more resistant to threats, and to reduce the cyber threats by measures as enforcing laws against cybercrime. A firewall is an exemplary hardware that alerts a user of Trojans and cookies trying to operate in a system as well as protection against spyware variants. The use of software involves installing anti-viruses in the computer devices in an entity. Irrespective of the type, the antivirus scans the computers for any virus or rather threat and if found, they are capable of neutralizing their effects onto the system
Norwood, K., & Catwell, S. (2009). Cybersecurity, cyberanalysis, and warning (1st ed.). New York: Nova Science Publishers.