Marxist Theory Book Review Essay Examples & Outline
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Marxist Theory Book Review
Marxist theory is a critical appraisal of the western community that is comprised of the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. The bourgeoisie are the owners of the means of production. This small class of people has control over the majority of the resources in the community as it is indicated by the Pareto postulation. The proletariat are the masses that have little to offer to the capitalist system apart from their labor (Akers & Sellers, 2009). The Marxist theory states that the actual success of the society lies in the system of the oppression and so does the failure of the same.
Marxists systems alludes to the fact that the proletariat will always suffer in the event that they do not do anything to topple the rulers who are members of the bourgeoisie. The masses have to united and replace the systems of government with their rulers that are proponents of the establishment of the society that is classless and socialist (Akers & Sellers, 2009).
The perceptions of crimes according to Carl Marx centers on the power struggle between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. The explanation starts with the assertion that the bourgeoisie control the criminal justice system. The system may seem to be in service of the interests of the proletariat. However, Marxism assumes that the use of the system is often against the interests of the proletariat.
He asserts that the criminal justice system is not informed by the moral conventions of the society or the common good or consensus of the society. On the contrary, he offers a different approach that apportion the blame to the ruling class for their use of the set of criminal justice administration to propel themselves to their goals (Akers & Sellers, 2009). They bourgeoisie impose the moral interest on the other people while pursuing their goals in the real sense.
Do the assertions of Marxists hold about crime today?
Is the Marxists suggestion of armed violence a solution?
Is there are possibility of an uprising, toppling and replacement of ruler ship being effective?
Critical theory is school of thought that epitomizes the adept application of reason a den critical evaluation of the society whereby the members have to assess the society according to the knowledge gained. It evaluates the systems and the motivations or driving forces behind the society’s functions and developments. The main postulate of the theory is that the main impediment to the human success on liberation is ideology (Akers & Sellers, 2009).
Critical theory is an improvement of the Marxist theory hence is a neo-Marxist postulate. It was advanced in the Frankfurt school by the ideological nemeses of the Karl Marx movement (Akers & Sellers, 2009). The theory retains the social concern of the base and super stratum. This is the only remnant influence of the Karl Marxist movements since the rest of the ideological tenants were by large abolished owing to their impracticality and the abrasive nature absent the common tenets of the society.
Modern critical theorists moved away from the German idealism that pervaded the postulates of the initial towards the American pragmatism. Main critics presented against the critical theories is that they did not advance any ideal of their own (Akers & Sellers, 2009). On the contrary, they promoted a gadfly of other ideals of the society that had been advanced before. Therefore, the system of critical thinking had not been contributing to the eventual expansion of the ideology body but the criticism of the existing systems (Akers & Sellers, 2009).
The freehanded approach to the criticism was lacking in terms of the rigor and approach. It is, therefore, a composition of the initial ideals expressed as mere opinions of the members. Critical theory is just an expansion of the system theory without any predicated approach to the analysis. Critical theory is, however, a major contributor to the analysis of the situation, community and the ideologies from a more in-depth and inclusionary perspective.
What value do the original critical theorists add to the body of knowledge with their comparisons of ideologies?
Does the move towards American pragmatism contradict foundations of the Frankfurt school?
What applications areas use the field of critical theory more?
Akers, R., & Sellers, C. (2009). Criminological theories. New York: Oxford University Press.